Baton Rouge, LA
Population and Size: East Baton Rouge Parish
comprises 471.81 square miles along the Mississippi River, in the southeast
part of the state.
The parish includes three major cities:
Baton Rouge, with a population of 231,219 and an area of 75 square miles;
Baker, with a population of 13,315 and an area of 4 square miles;
Zachary, with a population of 10,348 and an area of 20 square miles.
Creole: The meaning of the term has evolved over the years in
Louisiana. The word came from the Spanish word criollo which meant “person
native to a locality.” It was first used in the 18th century to describe
children born of European parents in the New World. In Louisiana, this
meant children of the French. As people of other ethnic backgrounds moved
into the Mississippi delta and valley, the term began to include them. A
19th century Creole could have been French, German, black, or of mixed
ancestry. Today, most who identify themselves as Creole are black.
Cajun: Cajuns were descendants of 17th century French settlers from
Nova Scotia (also known as L’Acadie). Many had been deported when Britain
took over the region from France. The Acadians later shortened their name
to “Cajuns” after migrating to southern Louisiana.
Creole and Cajun Cuisine: Authentic Creole cooking is urban;
Cajun food is country cooking. However, the terms are often used
interchangeably, with consistently delicious results.
Etouffee (ay too fay) Method of cooking something (usually shrimp
or crawfish) smothered in chopped vegetables over a low flame, tightly
covered, until tender
Gumbo A mainstay of both Cajun and Creole cooking. Creoles use
okra as a thickener for this tasty stew; Cajuns use ground sassafras
leaves. No two gumbos are alike. Cajun dishes are usually spicier and
bolder than Creole.
Lagniappe (lan yap) An old Creole word for “something extra.”
Soup meat is the lagniappe from vegetable soup preparation.
Elevation: 60 feet
Location: Baton Rouge is 75 miles Northwest of New Orleans via
Time Zone: Baton Rouge is in the central time zone. When it is
noon in New York City; it is 11:00 AM in Baton Rouge
Banks are usually open weekdays 9 to 3 and some Saturday mornings; the post
office from 8 to 5 weekdays and often on Saturday mornings. Shops in urban
and suburban areas, particularly in indoor and strip malls, typically open
at 9 or 10 daily and stay open until anywhere from 6 to 10 PM on weekdays
and Saturdays, and until 5 or 6 on Sundays.
New Year's Day Jan. 1
Inauguration Day 3rd Mon. in Jan. every 4 years
Mardi Gras Day, Shrove Tuesday (varies)
Good Friday (varies)
Memorial Day last Mon. in May;
Independence Day July 4
Labor Day 1st Mon. in Sept.
Veterans Day Nov. 11
Thanksgiving Day 4th Thurs. in Nov.
Christmas Eve and Christmas Day Dec. 24 and 25
New Year's Eve Dec. 31.
Customs & Duties: Arriving in the United States, contact the U.S.
Customs Service (inquiries, 1300 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC
Electricity: The U.S. electrical standard is 110 volts/60 cycles AC.
Visitors from other countries, traveling with dual-voltage appliances will
not need a converter, but they will need a plug adapter. The standard U.S.
electrical outlet takes a plug of two flat pins set parallel to one
Emergencies: Ambulance, Fire , Police (Phone: 911).
Mail: Every address in the United States belongs to a specific
zip-code district, and each zip code has five digits. Some addresses
include a second sequence of four numbers following the first five numbers,
but although this speeds mail delivery for large organizations, it is not
necessary to use it.