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Welcome to Mississippi area of We've covered the areas below in a little more detail to help you find your next vacation destination. Please look through our selections below to find your next vacation or search for your hotel using the search box.


Golf & Travel Destinations

Biloxi, Mississippi

Biloxi (pronounced bi lux i ) is a delightful resort city on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Casinos and resorts offer golf, charter fishing, spas, 24-hour gaming, dining and live entertainment. Frequent festivals in Biloxi and Gulfport celebrate everything from seafood to sand castles.

Mississippi State Information

"Mississippi has always been a bewitched and tragic ground, yet it's also a land of heroism and nobility; a land which has honored those of us of all our races who possess the courage and the imagination of the resources given us on this haunted terrain. I love Mississippi, and I hope the best of it will endure."

Willie Morris
Interview 1986

Did you know...
The event which led to the creation of the Teddy Bear occurred near Onward, in 1902, when President Theodore Roosevelt, acting upon the suggestion of some friends, visited the state on a hunt for wild game. A bear was located by a member of the hunting party for the President. The bear was exhausted and possibly lame, some claim it was a mere cub. In any case, Roosevelt refused to shoot the helpless bear because he found it unsporting. News of the President's refusal to shoot the bear spread far and wide. Soon after, Morris Michtom, a New York merchant, made toy history when he created a stuffed toy bear and labeled it "Teddy's Bear. " Mr. Michtom placed the bear in the window of his candy store to draw attention. His success was so great that it led to the formation of the Ideal Toy Corporation in 1903. The Teddy Bear continues to be a favorite toy of children everywhere.

2. The Blues is a music form that began in the cotton fields of the Mississippi Delta, and is considered the only music original to the United States. The University of Mississippi Blues Archive in Oxford, contains the world's largest collection of Blues music.

3. The world's first round trip transoceanic flight was performed in 1928 by H. T. Merrill, from Iuka. The flight to England was made in a plane loaded with ping pong balls.

4. Vardaman is the Sweet Potato Capital of the world. The Sweet Potato Festival is held each November to celebrate this most delectable root.

5. William Faulkner, one of the literary giants of the twentieth century, was born in New Albany. His accomplishments include winning the Nobel Prize for Literature, two Pulitzer Prizes and the National Book Award. He is considered to be the greatest writer of fiction during the first half of the 20th century. His novels include The Reivers, The Sound and The Fury, Light In August, and Absalom, Absalom. His home, Rowan Oak, in Oxford, is open to the public. At Rowan Oak, visitors may view Faulkner's room where an outline for A Fable has been scribbled on the wall by the author's own hand.

6. Tupelo is the birthplace of the "King of Rock and Roll," Elvis Presley. Visitors may tour the Elvis Presley Museum, chapel and the two-room house where "The King" was born.

7. The world's oldest Holiday Inn is located in Clarksdale.

8. Lawrence "Rabbit" Kennedy, of Amory, was the most decorated soldier in the U.S. Army.

9. Oxford was home to John Grisham, author of The Firm, Pelican Brief, The Chamber, The Client, A Time To Kill, The Rainmaker, the Runaway Jury... The list continues to grow. Many of his novels have been made into feature films.

10. General Frank Gregory, of Shelby, was one of the principal developers of the helicopter.

11. Guy Bush, of Tupelo, was one of the most valuable players with the Chicago Cubs. He was on the 1929 World Series team and Babe Ruth hit his last home run off a ball pitched by Bush.

12. During the 1930's one of Mississippi's most famous pilots, a barnstormer by the name of Roscoe Turner, of Corinth, was proclaimed one of the best speed pilots in the U.S. He was, perhaps, best known for flying with his animal mascot, an African lion cub named Gilmore. A world renowned aviator, Turner is featured in the National Air and Space Museum at the Smithsonian Institute and is the only three time winner of the Thompson Trophy Race. In Corinth, during August, visitors can enjoy the Annual Roscoe Turner Hot Air Balloon Races, which offer a weekend of fun, festivities, food and entertainment.

13. Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest, of Civil War fame, was reared in Benton County and has been declared by military historians and critics alike to be the foremost Cavalry officer ever produced in America.

14. S. B. "Sam" Vick of Oakland, played for the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox. He was the only man ever to pinch hit for baseball great Babe Ruth.

15. Blazon-Flexible Flyer, Inc., in West Point, is proclaimed to make the very best snow sled in the U.S. Their famous sled has become a true American tradition. It's called the FLEXIBLE FLYER.

16. The world's first human lung transplant was performed at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson, in 1963. The world's first heart transplant was performed at the Center the following year.

17. Mississippi College, in Clinton, was the first co-educational college in the United States to grant a degree to a woman.

18. Jimmie Rodgers, from Meridian, has long been recognized as "The Father of Country Music," and was the first name placed in the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville, Tennessee. The Jimmie Rodgers Museum, in Meridian, is dedicated to this amazing performer who was known worldwide as "The Singing Brakeman," The museum features his original guitar, and other memorabilia of his life and career.

19. Mississippi produces more than 70% of the world's supply of farm-raised catfish. Each year, in April, the World Catfish Festival is held in Belzoni, which is known as the Catfish Capital of the World. Visitors will enjoy a browse through the Catfish Institute, which offers a look at this profitable industry from "pond to plate."

20. "Margaret, marry me and I'll build you a palace," proposed the Reverend H.D. Dennis. Margaret said she would and he did, of sorts. Thus began one man's odyssey into the world of masonry, whereby, he turned a simple community store into an ever-evolving monument to God, country and wife. Preacher, as the patrons of MARGARET'S GROCERY, in Vicksburg, call him, is a World War II veteran who learned masonry from the Germans. They advised him to always be unique in his work. Bright colors of red, white and blue with a dab of yellow here and there adorn the castle-like pillars and archways at the entrance and the walls surrounding this unusual structure. Of the fifty foot tower overlooking a gravel parking lot, Preacher says, "God keeps telling me to keep going higher." And he does.

21. In 1982, through a Joint Resolution of the United States Congress, Jackson became the official home of the USA International Ballet Competition, which is now held every fourth year in Jackson, during the second weekend in June. This dance competition is touted as the Olympics of Dance, where competitors vie for gold, silver and bronze medals, cash awards and scholarships. Jackson is the only city in the United States to host this international event. In Europe, host cities include Moscow, Russia; Helsinki, Finland; Paris, France and Varna, Bulgaria.

22. In the Mississippi Delta can be found Greenwood, home of Cotton Row, which is on the National Register of Historic Places. It is the second largest cotton exchange in the United States, and is known as the Cotton Capital of the World.

23. Columbus was incorporated in 1821 and was first called Possum Town, due to the opossumish features of Spirus Roach, a trader living there. Today the beautiful old town is called Columbus, for the famous Spanish explorer.

24. Greenville is the Towboat Capital of the World, and birthplace of Jim Henson, creator of the world famous Muppets.

25. In Rose Hill Cemetery, in Meridian, are the graves of Emil and Kelly Mitchell, the King and Queen of all the Gypsies in the United States. People travel from near and far to leave small gifts of fruit and juice at the grave sites in a cemetery that has been, since 1915, the burial site for the Gypsy Royal Family.

26. The 4-H Club was founded in Holmes County in 1907.

27. Mississippi native Ethel Wright Mohamed is world renowned for her unique style of art stitchery and was known as the Grandma Moses of Stitchery. Her works are now on permanent display at the Smithsonian Institute. Many fine examples of her art may be seen at the Ethel Wright Mohamed Museum, MAMA'S DREAM WORLD, located at 307 Central Street, Belzoni.

28. The Governor Mansion, circa 1842, in Jackson, is the second oldest executive residence in the United States that has been continuously occupied as a gubernatorial residence. The Mansion is a National Historic Landmark.

29. The Petrified Forest, in Flora, is found to be about 36 million years old and is a National Registered Landmark.

30. The Waterways Experiment Station, in Vicksburg, is the largest research, testing and development facility of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

31. Greenville is the birthplace of puppetmaster Jim Henson, creator of Kermit the Frog, Miss Piggy, Big Bird, Cookie Monster... the list goes on and on. In Leland, where he spent his boyhood along Deer Creek, can be found the BIRTHPLACE OF THE FROG MUSEUM, an exhibit dedicated to this unique individual who has made the world laugh and smile at the antics of his Muppets and the Sesame Street Characters.

32. In Greenwood Cemetery, at Jackson, are the grave sites of seven Mississippi governors, four State Supreme Court Justices, four Episcopal bishops, one Methodist bishop and James Lynch, an African-American who served as Mississippi's Secretary of State during the post-Civil War years. Also, you will find numerous graves of Civil War soldiers, including several famous Generals.

33. Friendship Cemetery, in Columbus, is known as "the place -where flowers healed a nation." It was here on April 25, 1866, barely a year after the Civil War ended, that the kind ladies of Columbus decided to decorate both Confederate and Union graves with beautiful bouquets and garlands of flowers. As a direct result of this kind gesture, Americans now celebrate what has come to be known as Memorial Day, the annual recognition of our war dead.

34. The Biedenharn Candy Company Museum, in Vicksburg, commemorates the site where the world famous soft drink beverage, Coca-Cola, was first bottled in 1894.

35. The Dentzel Carousel, circa 1892-99, in Meridian, is one of three two-row antique stationary Dentzel menagerie carousels in existence. Original paintings of museum quality adorn the top crown and all animals are meticulously hand-carved of basswood and poplar. For twenty-five cents you can take a ride on this remarkable National Historic Landmark.

36. Shoes were first sold in boxes in pairs (right foot and left foot) in 1884, in Vicksburg, at Phil Gilberts Shoe Parlor on Washington Street.

37. Kosciusko is the birthplace of Oprah Winfrey, nationally syndicated talk show host and actor.

38. Greenville is home to Shelby Foote, novelist, historian and Pulitzer Prize winner.

39. Margaret Walker Alexander, of Jackson, was a poet, novelist, essayist, and author of the international best seller titled, Jubilee.

40. Beth Henley is a playwright and Pulitzer Prize winner from Jackson.

41. Eudora Welty is a world renowned novelist, short story writer, and winner of a Pulitzer Prize as well as the American Book Award. Ms. Welty is from Jackson, where as a child, she roller skated through the marbled halls of the State Capitol Building on her way to the library. Often as not the librarian would send her back home to put on her petticoat, no doubt forgotten in her haste.

42. Columbus born Thomas Lanier, best known as Tennessee Williams, was a novelist, short story writer, poet, playwright, and winner of two Pulitzer Prizes and four New York Drama Circle Critics Awards. He was known to spend his summers in Clarksdale, and his home, in Columbus, is now a Welcome Center and open to the public year-round.

43. James Dotson Byrd, of Clinton, is an inventor and polymer scientist with more than 40 technical publications to his credit. Mr. Byrd holds seven U.S. patents and developed the plastic used as a heat shield in the NASA Space Program.

44. Harry A. Cole, Sr., of Jackson, invented Pine-Sol.

45. Arthur Guyton, of Jackson, is a physician and author of the most widely used text of physiology in the world.

46. Mississippi University for Women was the first state college for women in the nation. The college was established in Columbus by an act of the Mississippi Legislature on March 12, 1884.

47. The largest Bible binding plant in the nation is the Norris Bookbinding Company, in Greenwood.

48. The first female rural mail carrier in the U.S. was Mrs. Mamie Thomas. In 1914 she delivered mail by buggy to the area southeast of Vicksburg.

49. The largest cottonwood plantation in the world is the Fitler Plantation in Issaquena County. The plantation is comprised of over 20,000 acres.

50. Every commercial airliner in the free world has at least one hydraulic component on it that was designed and manufactured at Vickers, Incorporated. This leader in hydraulics is located in Jackson.

"It is by knowing where you stand that you grow able to judge where you are... one place comprehended can make us understand other places better."

Eudora Welty

Did you know...

51. The Federal Building in Jackson was the first federal building in the U.S. to be named for an African-American. Dr. A. H. McCoy was a prominent dentist and business leader.

52. Mississippi University for Women graduate, Ms. Neill James, of Meridian, authored The Petticoat Vagabond, and also introduced the silk industry to Ajijic, Mexico. In 1983 she was inducted into The International Who's Who of Intellectuals in Cambridge, England.

53. Famed hat maker, John B. Stetson, practiced his trade at Dunn's Falls, near Meridian, after the Civil War. One of his creation has since become a favorite choice among men's hats and is known throughout the world simply as "The Stetson. "

54. The Union gunboat, the U.S.S. Cairo (pronounced Kay-ro) was struck by a Confederate torpedo in the Yazoo River on December 12, 1862, just north of Vicksburg. The 175 foot iron clad vessel was the first ship in history to be sunk by an electrically detonated torpedo. All 160 men on board escaped injury because it took the Cairo about 12 minutes to sink and also because it was close to the river bank. The Cairo has in recent years been resurrected from its watery grave and is now on display at the Vicksburg National Military Park.

55. "The drums of Champion's Hill sounded the doom of Richmond, " said one noted English historian of the Battle of Champion's Hill. According to many soldiers and military historians it was the most decisive battle of the entire Civil War. Each Spring this crucial battle is reenacted near the small town of Edwards on the actual battle site, a seventy-foot ridge named for the Champion family plantation which stood nearby.

56. The oldest field game in America is Stickball, played by the Choctaw Indians of Mississippi. Stickball is a rough game played on a large field with goalposts (precursors of modern-day football goals). Lively demonstrations of this sport can be seen each year at the Choctaw Indian Fair, a week-long event held in July on the Choctaw Indian Reservation in Philadelphia.

57. 1870 was the year of the famous riverboat race between the Robert E. Lee I and the Natchez VI. The race was won by the Robert E. Lee I and the traditional trophy awarded was a huge set of golden elk antlers, which are now on display at the Old Courthouse Museum in Vicksburg.

58. The Marathon "Gorilla " is the world's largest and heaviest mobile off-shore jack up (self- elevating) oil rig. This colossal rig, built in Vicksburg by Marathon LeTourneau Company, stands over 600 feet tall and weighs approximately 38 million pounds. The monstrous drilling platform moves across land at a snail's pace of 100 feet per day.

59. On May 11, 1887, a most unexpected object fell from the sky during a severe hail storm near Bovina. The unusual object proved to be a 6-inch by 8-inch gopher turtle completely encased in ice.

60. In 1872, a 180 foot paddle wheeler, Iron Mountain, left Vicksburg, bound for New Orleans with 55 passengers and crew on board. The boat was laden with a cargo of molasses and towing several barges of cotton. Two hours after the Iron Mountain left Vicksburg, another steamer, the Iroquois Chief, almost collided with a string of runaway cotton barges. The Iron Mountain had simply vanished, leaving no trace of debris or survivors. A search was mounted but no sign of the Iron Mountain was ever found.

61. The last man to fight Rocky Marciano, World Heavyweight Champion from 1952-1956, was Archie Moore from Benoit, Mississippi. Though Archie Moore lost to Rocky, he did hold the Light-heavyweight title from 1952-1960.

62. Henry Armstrong, of Columbus, held the World Champion Featherweight title in 1937, the World Lightweight title in 1938 and the World Welterweight title during the years 1938-1940.

63. Riley B. King, the blues singer and guitarist who was born in Mississippi near Itta Bena on September 16, 1925, no longer uses his real name but goes by B.B. King. This is the shortened form of Blues Boy from Beale Street, a nickname earned during his early days after World War II while working as a disc jockey at radio station WDLA, in Memphis, Tennessee. Charles Sawyer, author of B. B. King - The Authorized Biography, said B.B. named his guitar "Lucille" after an incident which took place in Twist, Arkansas, in 1949. The story goes something like this:

It seems that a fight broke out between rivals over a lady named Lucille. In the melee a kerosene heater was turned over, setting the dance hall on fire. B.B. fled with the rest of the crowd, but realizing he had left his guitar behind he impulsively rushed back inside, snatched up the guitar on the run and escaped the fire a second time. The rest is music history. The Blues legend with his famous guitar went on to start his own brand of fire. Its flames are still spreading and burning brighter than ever.

64. Fred Grant the teenage son of General U.S. Grant, accompanied his father on the Vicksburg campaign during the Civil War. While in Jackson, to watch the raising of the U.S. flag over the dome of the state capitol building, the young man removed (we wouldn't want to accuse the General's son of stealing) a smoking pipe from the governor's office as a souvenir.

65. In the Civil War section of the Old Capitol Museum in Jackson, is an authentic General William T. Sherman necktie. Such an example of a Sherman necktie is quite rare. What is a Sherman necktie? An iron rail heated over a fire and bent around a tree. This was the method Sherman used to render the railway system in the South useless. This twisted rail was found buried in a muddy bank of the Pearl River, just a few hundred yards from the museum where it is now housed; the same museum that is bordered on its eastern side by the tracks Sherman uprooted on his destructive sweep of the South.

66. Many years ago there was an old woman living in seclusion along the banks of the Yazoo River. Yazoo means river of death in the Choctaw Indian language. Everyone believed her to be a witch and the good folk of Yazoo City loathed her, for it was rumored that on stormy nights she lured fishermen into her hut, poisoned them and buried their bodies in a densely wooded hillside, nearby. The story goes something like this:

In 1884, Joe Bob Duggett was gliding past her hut on a river raft and heard an ungodly moaning coming from inside. Very carefully he approached the dwelling and through the window spied her cavorting around the bodies of two men. Joe Bob raced off to town and with the sheriff returned a short time later. Confronted, the old woman ran into the swamp and was pursued by the men who found her trapped in quicksand. "I shall return, " she shouted her warning. "You people never liked me here. I will break out of my grave and burn down the town on May 24, 1904, " And with a gurgle and a retch she sank beneath the muck and mire.

Twenty years later, in 1904, her curse was realized when a fire occurred and almost completely consumed the town. The next day a group of citizens, remembering the witch, visited her grave in Glenwood Cemetery and found, to their astonishment, that a heavy chain that had been wrapped tightly around the crypt as a precaution twenty years earlier, had been snapped as if by some supernatural force. Many believed that the Witch of Yazoo had, as promised, returned to wreak vengeance on the townspeople. The story is recounted in detail by writer Willie Morris in his book titled Good Old Boy.

67. Leontyne Price, of Laurel was the first African-American to achieve international stardom in the field of opera. Ms. Price was with the New York Metropolitan Opera and gave her last performance on January 3, 1985, in the role of Aida.

68. In 1882, the world's first heavyweight championship fight took place in Mississippi City, and was won by John L. Sullivan. On July 8, 1889, Sullivan and Jake Kilrain fought a heavyweight championship fight in the small community of Richton, that lasted 75 rounds. Again, Sullivan was the victor. This was the last sanctioned bare-knuckle fight in America. A monument has been erected to commemorate the event in the nearby town of Purvis, just south of Hattiesburg.

69. The University of Southern Mississippi, in Hattiesburg, houses the de Grummond Exhibit, which is the World's largest collection of original manuscripts and illustrations of children's literature.

70. Alcorn State University, in Jefferson County, is the world's oldest land grant college for African-Americans.

71. The International Checker Hall Of Fame is located in Petal, Mississippi.

72. Windsor, circa 1860, near Port Gibson, was the largest antebellum mansion ever built in Mississippi. Because of its immense size, this stately home was often incorrectly referred to as a college by Samuel Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, as he piloted riverboats up and down the Mississippi River. The mansion's cupola served as a lookout post for both Union and Confederate patrols, and the mansion was used as a Union hospital. Windsor survived the destruction of the Civil War, only to burn in 1890, at the hands of a careless smoker.

The haunting Ruins of Windsor, with its 23 remaining monolithic columns, has been filmed extensively and was the site of filming the major motion picture, RAINTREE COUNTY, staring Elizabeth Taylor and Montgomery Cliff.

73. Longwood, circa 1858-61, in Natchez, is the largest remaining octagonal house in the United States. It is a superb example of the mid-19th century Moorish style, and was designed by noted Philadelphia architect Samuel Sloan, for the Dr. Haller Nutt family. When the first shots of the Civil War rang out at Fort Sumter, all work on Longwood ceased leaving much of the interior of the upper floors unfinished. Dr. Nutt's own northern sympathies failed to protect him when Yankee troops destroyed his vast holdings in Louisiana, valued at more than 3 million dollars.

His wealth greatly diminished, the Doctor raced to Vicksburg in a vain attempt to protest to General Grant, but encountered bad weather and was forced to return to Longwood. Due to prolonged exposure to the elements, he contracted pneumonia and died broken hearted and dispirited. Many claim that his ghost and that of his wife, Julia, continue to linger about the property where they may be seen in the twilight of late evening.

Longwood remains unfinished today, which only lends to its mysterious charm. A visit will take you through the first level rooms, so elegantly furnished, and through the corridors of this most unusual house where you will find the workmen's tools left where they fell, abandoned in their haste to return home to fight for their own cause.

74. Natchez was first settled by the French in 1716, two years before New Orleans, Louisiana. This makes it the oldest permanent settlement on the Mississippi River. The grand old river city once boasted over 500 millionaires, more than any other city in the United States, except New York, and today its streets are graced by more than 600 pre-Civil War structures, the largest in the country. Over 1,000 buildings are on the National Register of Historic Places. Each year historic homes and churches are opened for touring during Spring and Fall Pilgrimages with many remaining open to the public year-round.

75. Historic Jefferson College, circa 1802, was the first preparatory school established in the Mississippi Territory. Located in the small town of Washington, which was once the territorial capital of Mississippi, this historic college was also the site where Aaron Burr was arraigned for treason in 1807, beneath the wide spread branches of what has come to be called the "Burr Oaks. " Jefferson College also appeared in the movie based on John Jakes novel, North and South, all dressed up to resemble West Point National Military Academy.

76. The DEVILS PUNCHBOWL, located near Natchez, is one of nature's freak occurrences. It is a gigantic, semi-circular pit, somewhat cone-shaped. Connected with this uncanny spot are countless stories of river pirates, runaway slaves, buried treasures, and other involvements with adventure and romance.

77. Grand Village of the Natchez Indians, in Natchez, is a National Historic Landmark. Between 1682 and 1729 the area served as the center of activities for the Natchez Indians. In 1730, the Natchez Indians attacked Fort Rosalie, in Natchez, killing the French settlers. In retaliation, the French attacked the Natchez Indians. Some managed to escape the slaughter and were absorbed by other tribes of the region. According to A History of Mississippi, by Robert Lowery, the Natchez Indian nation was one of Mississippi's early tribes, that could be traced to Mexico where they aided Cortez in the conquest of the country and the overthrow of Montezuma. Mr. Lowery contends that, "the Natchez Indians were of a light mahogany complexion, with jet black hair and eyes; their expression was intelligent, open and noble.... they were tall in statue, very few being under six foot. " To learn more about the Natchez Indians, click here.

78. Emerald Mound, Natchez Trace Parkway, northeast of Natchez, is the second largest Indian mound in the U.S. and was built between 1250-1600 A.D. by ancestors of the Natchez Indians. The ceremonial mound covers 8 acres, measures 770 feet by 435 feet at its base and stands 35 feet high. The builders were far from primitive and lived within a complex, high level social and political organization. They were skillful farmers and produced pottery, tools, weapons, cloth and leather.

79. Natchez-Under-The-Hill was called Natchez Landing at the turn of the nineteenth century. It was during this time that it began to acquire an infamous reputation as the most notorious spot on the Mississippi River. Above, on the hill, the wealthy of Natchez looked down on the rougher elements of river life that flowed in a steady stream as constant as the river itself. Here could be found the gaming halls and dens of vice where the lawless villainy gathered, as well as bustling wharves, bulging warehouses, shops and boisterous saloons.

Today, much of the area has been reclaimed by the river and all that remains is the ever busy Silver Street, where scenes were filmed for such movies as John Jakes, NORTH AND SOUTH, and most recently, Disney's HUCK FINN. Riverboat gaming has also returned to this historic district in the form of the luxurious Isle of Capri Casino, where Las Vegas style gambling can be enjoyed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

80. Springfield Plantation, circa 1786-91, near Fayette, just off the historic Natchez Trace Parkway, was the site of the first marriage between Andrew Jackson and Rachel Robards, in 1791. Springfield was one of the first houses in America built with a full colonnade across the entire front facade, and was the first such mansion to be built in the Mississippi Valley. Springfield remains almost entirely original and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Nearby is the historic community of Church Hill, once called the Old Maryland Settlement. The Cedars, circa 1830, was the home of Josephine Balfour, author of several children's books, and was once owned by the handsome actor, George Hamilton.

81. The Old Spanish Fort, located in Pascagoula, was built between 1715 and 1726 and is the oldest edifice west of the Atlantic Coast. Originally, this historic structure was the carpentry shop of Joseph Simon de La Pointe.

82. The Singing River, in Pascagoula, murmurs a tragic tale of Indian lore. The Pascagoula Indians were a tribe of contented, idyllic people, whereas the Biloxi Indians considered themselves the 'first people, " and were jealous of the Pascagoula. Anola, a princess of the Biloxi tribe, was in love with Altama, chief of the Pascagoulas. She was betrothed to a chieftain of her own tribe, but fled with Altama to his people. Faced with enslavement by the Biloxi tribe, the Pascagoulas joined hands and began to chant a song of death as they walked into the river until the last voice was hushed by the dark, engulfing waters.

The Singing River is famous worldwide for the noise it makes, like a swarm of bees. The music, which grows nearer and louder until it seems to come from under foot, is best heard in the still of evening, during late summer and autumn. Various scientific explanations have been offered for the phenomenon, but none have been proven.

83. "The Mad Potter Of Biloxi," George Ohr, was a turn-of-the-century artist of abstract pottery. During his lifetime he was considered a lunatic by most residents of the Gulf Coast, but now his talent is recognized as genius by all who view his unusual designs. In reality, Ohr merely sought to bring attention to his art by pretending to be odd. Today, any one piece of his artwork can sell in auction houses for more than Ohr earned in his entire life.

84. Walter Anderson is another eccentric artist known worldwide for his unusual sculptures and paintings. Anderson shunned society and a conventional lifestyle to live in hermit-like seclusion, close to nature on tiny Horn Island off the Mississippi Gulf Coast. After his death in 1965, hundreds of pieces of his unusual and distinctive works of art were discovered, some of which are on display at the Walter Anderson Museum located at 510 Washington Avenue in Ocean Springs.

85. In Natchez City Cemetery can be found the grave of Jose Vidal, governor of Natchez Spanish District in 1798 and the Spanish Consul; Issac Guion, commander of the U.S. Forces that took control of the Natchez Territory; General John A. Quitman, hero of the Mexican War and Governor of Mississippi; Captain T.P. Leathers, Captain of the steamboat NATCHEZ in the famous river race with the steamboat ROBERT E. LEE; William Johnson, a free African- American barber whose published antebellum diary is a unique account of the free African- American in the pre-Civil War South; General W.T. Martin, Mississippi's highest ranking Confederate officer.

86. William Grant Still, of Woodville, composed the Afro-American Symphony which was the first symphonic work by someone of his race to be performed in the U.S.

87. During the War of 1812, American gunboats engaged the British fleet in the Gulf of Mexico, near Bay St. Louis. This proved to be the last battle to date between the U.S. Navy and a foreign foe in American waters.

88. Burnita Shelton Mathews, of Hazlehurst, was the first woman federal judge in the U.S. and served the district of Washington D.C.

89. Four miles south of Alcorn is the ghost town of Rodney,settled in 1722. History records that this once bustling river town was considered for the state's capital, boasted the state's first opera house, had over 35 stores and five thousand residents. Andrew Jackson visited Rodney often and Zachary Taylor was living there when notified of his presidency.

During the Civil War, the citizens invited some Union gunboat officials to church. When they accepted, Confederates captured them. The Union gunboat fired on the town, but soon withdrew when the Confederates threatened to hang their Yankee captives. A cannonball remains, to this day, lodged in the brick facade of the old Rodney Presbyterian Church as a reminder of this confrontation.

In 1870 the Mississippi River started changing course. Rodney gradually lost its importance as a river port, and by 1940 was three miles inland. Most of its population had moved away and it was soon a ghost town. To reach Rodney, travel west of Lorman on the backroads of Mississippi Highway 558.

90. Dizzy Dean, from Bond, was a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, former pitcher for St. Louis Cardinals, and a sports television commentator. Memorabilia from the Dizzy Dean Museum was recently incorporated into the Mississippi Sports Hall Of Fame, located on Lakeland Drive in Jackson.

91. The Mississippi Gulf Coast has long been one of the South's most popular seashore resort areas. The world's longest man-made beach averages 200 feet in width and stretches for 26 scenic miles along the Mississippi Coast past gracious homes, modern hotels, numerous fine restaurants, gaming casinos and fabulous resorts.

92. FRIENDSHIP OAK, in Long Beach, is a magnificent live oak tree more than 500 years old, which measures over 50 feet in height, has a circumference of 17 feet at the trunk, and limbs and foliage that form more than 16,000 feet of shelter. Brides have murmured their vows on the platform built within its sprawling limbs and it is said that those who meet beneath its shadow will remain friends forever. This legendary tree was a sapling when Columbus sailed into the Caribbean, and had begun to bear acorns when Ponce de Leon reached Florida in quest of the Fountain of Youth. Its massive limbs survived the fury of centuries of hurricanes and, if trees could talk it would speak volumes of the history it has witnessed.

93. On February 18, 1861, Jefferson Davis, a former Senator from Warren County, was inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America. Rosemont, his boyhood home, was built in 1810 and is located in historic Woodville. On the grounds of Rosemont can be found the Davis family cemetery. Davis' last home was Beauvoir, located in Biloxi. Both homes are open to the public for touring. Beauvoir, circa 1852-54, houses a fine collection of Civil War/Jefferson Davis memorabilia and on the grounds is a cemetery and the tomb of the Unknown Confederate Soldier.

94. The first can of condensed milk was produced by Gail Borden in the small town of Liberty. His home is still standing. Nearby is the Jerry Clower Museum.

95. U.S. Highway 90, between Bay St. Louis and New Orleans, Louisiana, is known as the Praline Capital of the World. What is a praline? For a confectionery treat, try it yourself.

PRALINES (Praw-leans):

2 cups of sugar

1 cup of buttermilk

1/2 teaspoon soda

1 pinch of salt

2 Tablespoons clear Karo Syrup

2 Tablespoons butter or margarine

2 1/2 cups pecans (puh-cahns)

Cream sugar, milk, soda, salt and Karo. Boil 5 minutes, stir often. Add butter and pecans. Stir for 5 minutes. Remove from heat. Cool for 1 minute. Beat until creamy and drop by teaspoon onto wax paper. Let cool 1 hour before removing from paper. Store in a cool place.

96. The first nuclear submarine built in the South was produced in Mississippi.

97. The first permanent European settlement in the lower Mississippi Valley was established at Ocean Springs in 1699, by Frenchman Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville.

98. In 1834, Captain Isaac Ross, whose plantation was in Lorman, freed his slaves and arranged for their passage to the west coast of Africa. There they founded the country of Liberia. Representatives from Liberia visited Lorman and placed a commemorative stone at the Captain's grave site to honor his kindness. In 1857 Rosswood Plantation, on the National Register of Historic Places, was built near the site where the Captain's home once stood. Today, instead of cotton, Christmas trees are grown and the home is a bed and breakfast inn. Featured are the slave quarters and a gift shop.

99. Dr. Charles Bryant, former president of Chamberlain Hunt Academy in Port Gibson, as an amateur archaeologist in the late 1960's, discovered the lost Biblical town of Trogylium on the eastern shore of the island of Samos in the Aegean Sea near the southern coastline of Turkey. This town, which appeared for so long to be lost, was deleted from the newer Bible translations but can still be found in the King James Version where it was visited by Paul in Acts 20:15.

100. Oliver Pollock was the largest individual financial contributor to the American War of Independence, and is buried near Pinckneyville. He is best known, however, as the man who invented the dollar ($) sign.

"Memory believes before knowing remembers."

William Faulkner
Did you know...

101. Jackson County is famed worldwide for its development of nine of the ten most successful varieties of "paper-shell" pecans: Stuart, Success, Schley, Alley, Delmas, Papst, Russell, Hall and Lewis.

102. Resin Bowie, the famous inventor of the "Bowie Knife, " is buried in the Catholic cemetery in Port Gibson. The knife, fashioned by a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, cutter from a blacksmith's rasp after Resin Bowie's model, was made famous by Resin's younger brother Jim Bowie, in a duel on a sandbar near Natchez.

103. Joe Newman, a professional inventor from Lucedale, holds patents on plastic-covered barbell sets, an orange picker and several other unusual devices. Mr. Newman has also invented an "energy machine" which, according to several well known physicists and engineers actually produces more energy than it consumes.

104. The first Southerner to use Negro dialect in poetry was Mississippian, Irwin Russell, born in Port Gibson in 1853. His long poem, Christmas Night In The Quarters, earned for him the stamp of genius.

105. During the period between 1824-47, Joseph Holt Ingraham, of Natchez, wrote and published 80 novels - approximately 10 percent of all novels published in the U.S. during that period. Included in this literary feat was the first successful Biblical novel ever published, Prince of The House Of David.

106. Will Price, of McComb, was the script consultant for the movie GONE WITH THE WIND, and later married actress Maureen O'Hara.

107. In 1871, Liberty became the first town in the U.S. to erect a Confederate monument.

108. Throughout the Civil War General U.S. Grant rode a horse called Cincinnatis. However, in his memoirs he admitted that while near Vicksburg, he stole a small horse from Brierfield Plantation, which was then owned by Confederate President Jefferson Davis. What did he name this horse? Jeff Davis, of course.

109. Mississippi's original soft drink, Barqs Root Beer, was invented in 1898 by Edward Barq, Sr. of Biloxi. The building in which this drink was made and bottled still stands and is located at 224 Keller Avenue, one block off U.S. Highway 90 in Biloxi. The secret formula is mixed by Edward "Sonny" Barq IV, the quality control specialist, and is sold to Barq's franchises in every state in the nation.

110. The world's largest hardboard manufacturing plant is Masonite Corporation, located in Laurel.

111. The Pass Christian Yacht Club, formed in Pass Christian during 1849, holds the distinction of being the second oldest yacht club in North America. The oldest is the New York Yacht Club in New York City, organized in 1844.

112. The world's only cactus plantation is located near Edwards, and grows more than 3,000 varieties of cacti.

113. The rarest of North American cranes lives in Mississippi in the grassy savannas of Jackson County. The Mississippi Sandhill Crane stands about 44 inches tall and has an eight-foot wing-span.

114. Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield was known as the "Black Swan, " and was America's first African-American singer of classical music. She was born in Natchez, in 1809.

115. In 1978, during the presidency of Jimmy Carter, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was restored to U.S. citizenship.

116. In 1839, the Mississippi Legislature passed one of the first laws in the English speaking world protecting the property rights of married women.

117. The Natchez Trace Parkway begins its 450 mile scenic route in Natchez, and extends upward across Mississippi into Alabama and ends near Nashville, Tennessee. The original Trace began as a buffalo and Indian trail more than 8,000 years ago. Today's traveller is invited to stop and enjoy living history exhibits, picnic areas, nature trails and history markers.

118. Mississippi has more tree farms than any other state, according to the American Forest Institute.

119. Mississippian, W. A. Scott, founded the first African-American owned newspaper, The Atlanta Daily World.

120. National parks in Mississippi include: Vicksburg National Military Park; Natchez Trace Parkway; Gulf Islands National Seashore; Natchez National Historic Park; Brice's Crossroads National Battlefield Site, and the Tupelo National Battlefield.

121. The Mississippi Delta is the birthplace of Blues music, the only music recognized as truly original to America.

122. In 1870, Mississippi was readmitted to the Union. It was during this time, the Reconstruction Period, that Hiram Revels was elected as the first African-American to the U.S. Senate.

123. The Parent-Teachers Association (PTA) was founded in Mississippi in 1909.

124. Mississippi is the birthplace of the Order of the Eastern Star.

125. Mississippi was the first state in the nation to have a planned system of junior colleges.

126. Since the 1930's Mississippi has been known as the Magnolia State. But few people know that it was also once called the Bayou State. From a speech by Seargent Smith Prentiss in 1841, it is recorded that he told of the mound builders, the earliest Mississippians, who had connected all of the Delta area by way of an intricate pattern of waterways or "bayous."

127. The Choctaw Indians are the largest tribe to live in Mississippi, and at one time encompassed more than 50 villages. Their warriors were said to number 25,000. What does the name Choctaw mean? "Charming Voice. "

128. What does the word Mississippi mean? Mississippi is Choctaw for "Father of Waters, " and refers, of course, to the Mississippi River, from which the State takes its name.

129. In 1942, During World War II, the Mississippi River's approaches were mined with explosives by Germany.

130. During the Civil War some 78,000 Mississippians entered the Confederate military. Of those taking up the cause of Johnny Reb, 59,000 were either dead or wounded by War's end.

Facts provided by Mississippi Department of Tourism Information is our premier online publication featuring popular travel destinations in the Southeast. This guide is a planning tool for the Southern traveler, tourist, or golfer.

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